This article is written by Rupsa Chattopadhyay. It covers a range of information about the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination. It covers important details about the said examination, such as the dates of the examination, the application, the eligibility criteria, the age bar, the relaxation provided to candidates of different categories, the syllabus, the top tips and tricks, and FAQs, inter alia.

It has been published by Rachit Garg.

The Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Exam is a highly coveted examination conducted by the Uttar Pradesh Public Commission for which law graduates, particularly from Uttar Pradesh, appear. Many candidates aspire to appear for the examination. However, many questions remain in their minds.  In this article, those questions are being addressed and answered. This will give the aspirants an understanding of the examination. Aside from that, insights will be provided on various aspects of the examination and the job one is appointed to after cracking this examination. So let’s get started!

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Every year, thousands of graduates aspire to crack the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination. However, it is a difficult examination, and only a few manage to crack it. In spite of this, we must not let the fear of failure deter us from appearing for the examination. It is better to try and fail than to never try. It is rightly said, “We miss 100% of the shots we do not take”. Besides, with the right kind of preparation, our chances of clearing the examination increase exponentially. 

The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission selects the candidates for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination. The Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination is for the selection of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Civil Judge (Junior Division). There are three stages a candidate has to pass:

  • Preliminary Examination,
  • Main Examination, and
  • Interview.

Each stage is compulsory. As you all must be aware, the official notification for the Uttar Pradesh Civil Judge exam was out in December 2022 itself, and the Preliminary and Main Exams were conducted in February and May, respectively.

Important details regarding UP Judiciary exam

Full name Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Civil Judge (Junior Division) Examination
Conducting body Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission
Official website https://uppsc.up.nic.in/
Mode of application Online
Mode of examination Offline
Languages Hindi, English
Minimum qualification B.A. LL.B. 
Total vacancies 303
Age of candidates 22-35

Designation

Civil Judge (Junior Division) is the basic or entry-level position one gets after cracking the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination. The Civil Judge (Junior Division) includes the following:

  • Additional Civil Judge (Junior Division),
  • Judicial Magistrate of the First Class,
  • Metropolitan Magistrate,
  • Any other member of the service posted under another title.

There is considerable scope for promotion to higher ranks. This is mostly done through qualifying internal examinations.

The following is the promotion hierarchy of the judges of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services:

  • Civil Judge (Junior Division),
  • Civil Judge (Senior Division),
  • Additional District and Sessions Judges,
  • District Judge, 
  • Chief Judicial Magistrate (CJM).

Hence, it can be seen that there is considerable scope for career growth in the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination.

Pay scale

Salary

The pay scale ranges from Rs. 9,000-14,550. The revised pay scale is in the range of Rs 27,700-770-35090-920-40450-1080-44770. This means that the year a selected candidate joins, their salary will be Rs. 27,700. Then, from the following year on, there will be an increment of Rs. 770 to his basic pay. This will continue till his salary reaches Rs. 35090. Then their yearly increment will be Rs. 920, till the salary reaches Rs. 40450. After that, the yearly increment will be Rs 1080 till the salary reaches Rs. 44770. Then his basic pay becomes stagnant, and he gets a stagnancy allowance.

Allowances

Apart from this, a Uttar Pradesh Civil Judge (Junior Division) is entitled to certain perks and allowances, which are as follows: –

  • Dearness Allowance (DA),
  • House Rent Allowance (HRA),
  • City Compensatory Allowance (CCA),
  • Free accommodation,
  • Personal vehicles,
  • Transport allowance (TA).

A civil judge is entitled to get a 17% allowance on his basic pay as per the rules of the Uttar Pradesh State Government.

Type  Amount
Basic Pay Rs 56,100
Dearness Allowance Rs 9,537
Gross Salary Rs 70,000
Salary in Hand Rs 65,000

The following is a representation of the important dates related to the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination, 2023:

Events Dates 
Date of release of online notification 10/12/2022
Date of commencement of online application 10/12/2022
Last date of receipt of online exam fee in the bank 06/01/2023
Last date of submission of online application 10/01/2023
Date of release of the admit card for the Preliminary Examination 10/01/2023
Date of Preliminary Examination 12/02/2023
Date of results of the Preliminary Examination 16/03/2023
Date of release of the admit card for the Main Examination 12/05/2023
Date of Main Examination 23/05/2023- 25/05/2023
Date of interview/personality round To be announced

Currently, the number of vacancies in the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination lies at 303, which may be increased or decreased as the situation demands. Thus, the number of vacancies depends on the circumstances and requirements.

Every year, in consultation with the High Court of Allahabad, the Governor determines and informs the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission of the following:

  • The number of vacancies in the posts of Civil Judge (Junior Division).
  • The vacancies are to be reserved for candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and other categories.
  • The existing vacancies.
  • Probable vacancies for the coming year.

These posts are in Group “B”, Gazetted and temporary, but will probably be continued in the near future. The vacancies can be understood as:

Vertical vacancies

Vertical Vacancies Number 
Unreserved (General)                            123
OBC                                                          81
SC                                                           63
ST                                                               06
E.W.S                                                         30

Horizontal vacancies

Horizontal vacancies Number 
Ex-Servicemen                                       15
Dependents of Freedom Fighters (DFF)                                                         06
Women                                                    60
Persons with Disabilities (PwD)             12

The Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service (Fifth Amendment) Rules, 2002 state that four percent of vacancies are to be reserved for the following persons with “benchmark disabilities”:

  1. One percent for the following category of disabilities under the category of “Locomotor Disabilities”:
    1. Locomotor disability of one arm, one leg and both legs,
    2. Dwarfism,
    3. Leprosy cured persons,
    4. Acid attack victims.

The total number of posts in this criterion is 4.

  1. One percent of persons with “low vision” under the category of “visual impairment” (which is according to the definition in the Schedule attached to the Rights of Persons with Disabilities)

The total number of posts in this criterion is 4.

  1. One percent is reserved for persons with “hard of hearing” under the category “hearing impairment” defined in the Schedule attached to the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 2016.

The total number of posts in this criterion is 4.

  1. The remaining one percent is for the persons mentioned in Clauses 1, 2, and 3 on a rotational basis.

A total of 3 posts have been mentioned in the above-mentioned groups in points 1-3.

Note: It has to be noted that only those who can perform the following activities are eligible:

  1. Work done sitting,
  2. Work done standing,
  3. Work done moving,
  4. Work done seeing,
  5. Work done hearing,
  6. Work completed by reading and writing,
  7. Work done communicating, which includes verbal or non-verbal communication.

The following is the eligibility requirement for a candidate to appear for the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission, which has been specified as follows:-

Educational Qualification

  1. The candidate has to possess a Bachelor’s degree in law from a University in Uttar Pradesh or an Indian University recognised by the Governor before the date of application
  2. The candidate must be an Advocate under the provisions of the Advocates Act, 1961, or a Barrister of England or Northern Ireland or a Member Faculty of Advocates in Scotland
  3. The candidate must possess knowledge of Hindi in Devnagri Script
  4. The candidate has to be fluent in the English language
  5. Candidates awaiting the results of their final year law examination if they can provide proof of passing the examination at the time of the interview. 

Age limit 

A candidate appearing for the Uttar Pradesh State Judiciary Examination has to be between the ages of 22-35 years of age on January 1 of the year in which they are appearing.

The candidate’s date of birth has to be between July 2, 1988, and July 1, 2001.

There is age relaxation for certain categories of candidates for the purpose of social upliftment. These criteria are as follows:

Age relaxation for Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) candidates 

The age relaxation for Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) candidates is 5 years.

Age relaxation for Other Backward Classes (OBC) candidates

Age relaxation for Other Backward Classes (OBC) candidates of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination is 5 years.

Age relaxation for skilled players of Uttar Pradesh

Age relaxation for attempting the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination for skilled players of Uttar Pradesh is 5 years.

Age relaxation for Ex-servicemen

There is a different category of relaxation for ex-servicemen which are as follows:

  • Age relaxation when period of service rendered by Emergency Commissioned Officers of Uttar Pradesh: 3 years
  • Age relaxation when period of service rendered by Short Service Commissioned offices of Uttar Pradesh: 3 years
  • Age relaxation when period of service rendered by ex-Army personnel of Uttar Pradesh: 3 years

Age relaxation for Persons with Disabilities (PwD)

The age relaxation for candidates appearing for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination who are Persons with Disabilities (PwD) is 15 years.

The candidates from reserved categories are to be adjusted against the unreserved category in the final selection only if they do not avail any benefit or concession in the qualifying standard at the stage of the Preliminary, Main or interview rounds of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination.

The grounds of ineligibility and disqualification for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination can be understood as:

Character

The candidate has to be considered suitable for employment in the service, in the opinion of the Governor. The following individuals are not eligible for employment in service:- 

  1. Individuals who have been dismissed from service by the Union Government or State Government, or
  2. Individuals who are debarred from practice as an Advocate by the Bar Council of India, the State Bar Council, or
  3. Individuals who are sentenced to imprisonment after conviction of any offence related to moral turpitude under the Indian Penal Code, 1860, or any law in force in India. 

Marital status

The following candidates are not considered eligible for service:

  1. A male candidate having more than one wife, or
  2. A female candidate married to a man who has more than one wife

Physical fitness

A candidate shall not be appointed to service if he or she is: 

  1. Not in good mental and bodily health.
  2. Not free from any physical defect likely to interfere with the due performance of his duties.
  3. Not able to pass an Examination by a Medical Board.

A candidate can only be appointed after passing such Examination conducted by such Medical Board.

Basic registration cannot be accepted from candidates who have been debarred from the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission until the completion of their debarment. 

When it comes to applications submitted without adequate information concerning debarment, if it is found that the information regarding such debarment has been concealed, their candidature will be cancelled at any stage. The Commission has the power to debar the said candidate from all future examinations. The following pointers are to be kept in mind:-  

Self-checking eligibility before applying

The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission is not responsible for ensuring the eligibility of the candidates. Hence, the candidates need to go through the advertisement released carefully to ascertain their eligibility. They must apply for the posts only when they are sure of their eligibility according to the terms and conditions of the advertisement regarding the post published by the Commission. Fees will not be refunded in cases of ineligibility for candidates. 

Rejection in the later stages

The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission may allow a candidate to submit an initial scan of their application. If, at a later stage, it is found that the candidate is not eligible or fit for application, the Commission reserves the right to reject his candidature. In such a case, his candidature will be cancelled and his recommendation will be withdrawn. This may happen even if he had been recommended for the post. 

Malpractices in exam hall are prohibited

Malpractices in the examination hall, like copying, indiscipline, misdemeanours, etc., are prohibited. In the event of the occurrence of such malpractices, the candidature of such a candidate shall be rejected.

As per the declaration of the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission in the official notification, a candidate may be debarred for up to a period of five years from this examination and all other future examinations in case wrong information is provided in the application form that cannot be corroborated by relevant documents or for any other similar malpractice. 

In case, it is found that the candidate has furnished forged documents, they will be debarred from all selections by the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission indefinitely, and action will be taken under the relevant sections of the India Penal Code, 1860, against the said candidate.

Note: Applications will not be received past the prescribed date and time.

There shall be reservations for the following, according to relevant Government rules: 

  • Scheduled Castes of Uttar Pradesh,
  • Scheduled Tribes of Uttar Pradesh,
  • Other Backward Classes of Uttar Pradesh,
  • Economically weaker sections of Uttar Pradesh.

There shall be reservations for the following under horizontal as admissible on settlement of vacancies:

  • Dependants of freedom fighters of Uttar Pradesh,
  • Ex-servicemen of Uttar Pradesh,
  • Persons with Disabilities (PwD) of Uttar Pradesh (permissible on the basis of vacancies identified by the Government),
  • Women candidates.

There are the following stages of examination are as follows:

  • Preliminary Examination (Objective and Multiple-Choice Questions)
  • Main Examination (Descriptive, written and conventional type questions).
  • Personal interview (viva voce or personality test).

Preliminary Examination (150 and 300 marks)

The Preliminary stage of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination is the first stage of the examination. The Preliminary Examination is a screening test conducted offline in a pen and paper mode. There are two papers in the Preliminary round – General Knowledge and Law. The duration of these examinations is 2 hours each.

In the First (General Knowledge) Paper, 150 questions are asked for 1 mark each. The paper carries 150 marks in total. The Second (Law) Paper carries 300 questions of 1 mark each. The paper carries 450 marks in total.

There are objective Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). There are four choices of answers given to each question. Each correct answer carries 1 mark. There is a negative marking for wrong answers. For each wrong answer, the candidate will be penalised with a deduction of one-third of a mark, or 0.33.

The minimum qualifying marks in the Preliminary Round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination can be explained through the following table:

Category  Minimum Qualifying Marks
General/Unreserved 40%
Scheduled Castes (SC) 35%
Scheduled Tribes (ST) 35%

Without securing such marks, they will not qualify for the Main Examination. 

The marks secured in this stage of examination will not be considered in the final preparation of the merit list. Thus, the Preliminary Examination is a qualifying examination.

Main Examination (1000 marks)

The Main Examination is a subjective and offline examination in which descriptive answers are to be written. One has to acquire minimum qualifying marks in all the papers to pass this stage. There are six papers in the Main Examination. This is explained in the table given below:

Paper Subject Marks
I General Knowledge 200
II English Language   100
III Hindi language 100
IV Law I (Substantive law) 200
V Law II (Procedure and Evidence) 200
VI Law III (Penal, Revenue and Local Laws) 200

The time allotted is 3 hours for each paper. Marks secured in the Main Examination will be considered in fixing ranks in the final merit list.

The minimum Qualifying marks in the Main Examination for the General or Unreserved candidates is 40% of the marks while that of the Scheduled Caste (SC) or Scheduled Tribes (ST) candidates is 35% of the marks of the Main round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination. Without securing such marks, they will not qualify for the interview or the personality round of the Examination.

Category Cut-off
General 461
Scheduled Caste (SC) 387
Scheduled Tribe (ST) 335
Other Backward Class 430
Women  472

Interview round (viva voce)

The interview round is the final round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination. In this round, the personality of the candidate is tested. The intention is to determine the competence of the candidate to function as a Uttar Pradesh Civil Judge (Junior Division). Candidates often dread this round, but with proper and strategic preparation, this round will not be very difficult.

The Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination final cut-off in the year 2023:

Category  Cut-off marks
General or unreserved sections 250-260
Other Backward Classes 240-250
Economically Weaker Sections 240-250
Scheduled Caste (SC) 220-230
Scheduled Tribe (ST) 220-230
Persons with Disabilities (PwD) 190-200

Syllabus of UP Judiciary Preliminary exam

There are two papers in the Preliminary Examination:

  • General Knowledge paper,
  •  Law paper.

General Knowledge- Paper I (150 marks)

  1. History of India,
  2. Indian culture,
  3. India and the world,
  4. Geography of India,
  5. Indian polity,
  6. Indian economy,
  7. International affairs, institutions and development in the fields of science, technology, communication and space,
  8. Current national issues,
  9. Topics of social relevance including sensitivity to Persons with Disabilities, senior citizens and offences on children and women including salient features of the following acts:
  • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016;
  • Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007;
  • Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012;
  • Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961;
  • Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005;
  • Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013;
  • Pre-Conception and Pe-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994;
  • Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986;
  • Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971.

The questions are of such nature that any individual with general awareness and without any specialised education will be able to answer. 

Law – Paper 2 (300 marks)

Questions are asked from the following topics:

  • Jurisprudence;
  • Constitution of India;
  • Transfer of Property Act, 1882;
  • Indian Evidence Act, 1870;
  • Code of Civil Procedure, 1872;
  • Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973;
  • Law Of Contracts;
  • International Organisations;
  • Current International Affairs;
  • Indian Penal Code, 1860.

Pattern of UP Judiciary Preliminary exam

Subject Paper No. Full marks Time
General Knowledge Paper-I 150 2 hours
Law Paper-II 300 2 hours

Marks allotted

For each right answer, 1 point will be awarded. For each wrong answer, there shall be a negative marking of 0.33 marks.  

Syllabus for UP Judiciary Main exam

There are five papers in this stage:

General Knowledge – Paper I (200 marks)

  • History of India,
  • Indian culture,
  • Geography of India,
  • Indian Polity,
  • Indian Economy,
  • Current national issues,
  • India and the world,
  • Institutions and development in the fields of science and technology,
  • International affairs,
  • Communication and space,
  • Topics of social relevance including questions related to sensitivity to Persons with Disabilities, senior citizens and offences on children and women including salient features of the following acts:
  1. Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016;
  2. Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007;
  3. Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012;
  4. Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961;
  5. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005;
  6. Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013. 

English – Paper II (100 marks)

Three questions will be asked, as given below:

  • Essay writing (50 marks),
  • Precis writing (30 marks),
  • Translation of passage from Hindi to English (20 marks). 

Hindi Language- Paper III (100 marks)

Three questions will be asked as follows: –

  • Essay writing (50 marks),
  • Precis writing (30 marks),
  • Translation of passage from English to Hindi (20 marks). 

Law I (substantive law) – Paper IV (200 marks)

Questions will be asked from:

  • The Indian Contract Act, 1872;
  • The Indian Partnership Act,1932
  • Indian Easement Act, 1882;
  • Law of torts;
  • Transfer of Property Act, 1882;
  • Principal of Equity with special reference to Law of Trust and Specific Relief Act, 1963;
  • Hindu law;
  • Mohammedan law;
  • The Constitution of India.

In this paper, Constitution Law alone carries 50 marks

Law II (Procedural law and Evidence law) – Paper V (200 marks)

  • The Indian Evidence Act, 1872;
  • The Code of Criminal Procedure,1973;
  • The Code of Civil Procedure,1908;
  • Pleading related principles.

The question set will be framed in relation to practical matters such as:

  • Framing of charges and issues;
  • Methods of dealing with the evidence of witnesses;
  • Writing of judgement;
  • General conduct of cases.

Law III (Penal, Revenue and Local Laws) – Paper VI (200 marks)

Questions will be asked about the following Acts as well as the rules framed around them:

  • The Indian Penal Code, 1860;
  • The Uttar Pradesh, Urban Buildings (Regulation of Letting, Rent and Eviction) Act, 1972;
  • The Uttar Pradesh Municipalities Act, 1916;
  • The Uttar Pradesh Panchayat Raj Act, 1947;
  • The Uttar Pradesh Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act, 1951;
  • The Uttar Pradesh Consolidation of Holdings Act, 1953;
  • The Uttar Pradesh Urban (Planning and Development) Act, 1973.

Questions about local laws have to be answered compulsorily. 

Penal Laws (50 marks)

Revenue and Local Laws (150 marks) 

Paper Subject Marks
I General Knowledge 200
II English Language   100
III Hindi language 100
IV Law I (Substantive law) 200
V Law II (Procedure and Evidence) 200
VI Law III (Penal, Revenue and Local Laws) 200

The law and general knowledge papers can be answered in Hindi or English. 

Please note, that the portion is not restricted to the aforementioned pointers. There could be several questions asked outside the purview of what is mentioned already.

Syllabus for the interview round (viva voce) 

There is no set syllabus for the Interview or the screening round. Questions will be asked to ascertain the competence of the candidates to qualify Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination regarding personality, physique, character and ability. 

100 marks are allotted in the interview round. The marks obtained in the interview stage, or Personality Round, will be added to the marks obtained in the written papers. The candidate’s rank will depend on the aggregate obtained in the Main and Interview stages of the examination

The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission has the right to refuse to call any candidate for an interview who has not obtained the marks required in law papers to justify such a refusal.

When to start preparing for all three stages 

  • One must begin preparation for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination as soon as possible. It is suggested that they begin preparing in the First or Second year of Law School itself. However, one can start preparing at later stages and still secure good ranks. Several toppers have secured impressive ranks despite starting their preparation relatively late.
  • One must prepare for the stages together as the syllabus for each of the stages overlaps. A good preparation for the preliminary round will help in the interview round as well. 

How to start preparing for all three stages

  • One must read the syllabus and understand it carefully. The preparation begins with a glance at the past years’ question papers to understand the topics that are important for the purpose of the examination. It is not necessary to know everything related to the subjects.
  • Then one must read the bare acts thoroughly and understand the laws. A thorough reading of the bare acts is needed at all stages.
  • An aspiring candidate must also read the newspaper daily to have a grasp on the laws as well as current affairs. This will have the two-fold effect of improving their language and keeping them abreast of developments.
  • Deciding on some core books is better, as it helps us revise them more times. It helps with better understanding and recollection. Toppers suggest that sources are to be kept limited; revisions must be unlimited.
  • Good guidance helps you crack the examination more easily. For that purpose, LawSikho has introduced the Lord of the Courses, which will guide a candidate in their preparation for the Judicial Services Examination. However, it is possible to crack the examination without any guidance if one is diligent and determined.
  • It is suggested that the candidates watch videos of previous years’ toppers of the examination to understand their strategies. This will help them craft a strategy of their own that works for their situation.
  • According to their strategy, candidates must develop a structured plan that allows them to allot considerable time to each subject.
  • The candidates need to understand their strengths and weaknesses. Then they should develop a plan that allows them to allot more time to their weak sections as well as strengthen their strong portions. 
  • Giving mock exams is imperative to understanding your own strengths and weaknesses in different sections of the examination.
  • One must not get disheartened by seeing a poor mock score and know they can improve if they really want to. Similarly, they must not be overconfident when they see good scores. A mix of self confidence and humility is required to crack this examination.
  • A candidate needs to revise frequently so that they do not forget what they have previously read. A spaced repetition method of revision will be helpful, considering the vast syllabus.
  • An aspirant needs to understand, not memorise, the laws. There are very few if any, questions directly from the sections. Hence, it is imperative to understand the laws as well as their application.
  • One reading of the subjects is not adequate. One needs to revise the subjects repeatedly.

Rank 1 of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination 2018 Akansha Tiwari shared that she had given equal weightage to General Studies and Law. This is because the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination gives equal weightage to both of them.

Tips and tricks for the preliminary or qualifying stage

Understand the pattern of the examination

One needs to go through past years’ papers to understand the pattern of questions that are to be asked and prepare accordingly. After this step, they will get a better idea of what to focus on.

Read the bare acts thoroughly

Reading the bare acts provides a basic understanding of laws. It helps to tackle the objective questions in the law paper (Paper- II).

Read the newspaper regularly

Reading the newspaper improves our general knowledge and keeps us updated on amendments to laws as well as the latest case law. 

Follow legal websites

Also, candidates need to read sites like LiveLaw and Bar & Bench to keep up with judgements and legal updates.

Answer questions carefully

A candidate is advised to choose the questions to answer carefully, as there is a negative marking. One must only answer questions one is sure about.

Solve multiple choice question

A candidate aspiring for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination has limited time to practise solving the questions. This will help them get used to solving questions in a very short time, which will come in handy during the Preliminary stage of the examination.

Tips and tricks for preparation for the Main Examination

Begin preparation for the Main with the Prelims

An aspirant needs to prepare for the Main along with the Preliminary Examination. Waiting till the end of the Preliminary Examination to prepare for the Main Examination is a recipe for disaster. The Main is the most important stage of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination and if one starts preparing for the examination after the Preliminary ends, they will not have enough time to complete the syllabus, practice answer writing, give mocks, etc.

Understand the questions

Before answering, one must read the question carefully to understand what is being asked and what the examiner wishes to know. Then they must answer the question accordingly.

Add appropriate case laws

One needs to provide case law wherever possible. For this purpose, one needs to remember the crux of the leading case laws. Providing case laws for the answers will enhance the answers significantly and make them stand out.

Write neatly

It is imperative to answer each question neatly in clear and legible handwriting. In case of any error, one should strike it neatly and refrain from scribbling. A good presentation is important to score more marks.

Break into paragraphs

Breaking an answer into small paragraphs makes it easier to read. One is likely to score more marks than if presented in a long answer.

Use basic vocabulary

When one uses fancy vocabulary, there is a possibility of using it in an incorrect manner. It is better to use simple words to prevent such potential errors. Besides, it will be easier for the examiner to understand such answers, and they are more likely to award more marks.

Adhere to the word limit

One needs to limit their answers to the word limit and avoid going beyond it as it may attract lesser marks.

Practice answer writing

A candidate needs to practise answer writing during his preparation to write answers of better quality in the Main Examination. One needs to write the answers within the time limit and adhere to the word limit. They also need to avoid making silly mistakes. Hence, answer writing needs to be practised constantly.

Essay writing to be practised

Essays are to be practised so that they can be written well in the examination. Instead of writing stories or repeating the same matter, it is better to add current affairs related to the topic of the essay. This will fetch more marks.

Structure answer

Before writing each answer, it is advised to prepare a skeleton of the answer to avoid writing irrelevant and unnecessary things. In the skeleton, one must write the introduction, the main body, and the conclusion of the answer. They should also include the points they wish to add in each part of the answer. This will ensure that it is more organised and attractive to the examiner.

Tips and tricks for UP Judiciary interview stage

Be confident

A candidate need not worry unnecessarily. Such worries may impede performance in the Main Examination. Instead, they need to believe in themselves and be confident in their abilities. A confident attitude will not only help them crack this examination but will prove to be a desirable trait in judicial officers as well. It is not possible for a candidate to know everything related to such a vast syllabus. If they worry unnecessarily, they will fail to answer what they do know.

Dress appropriately

Candidates are advised to wear formal clothing. They should be well dressed and be presentable in their attire. 

Develop good communication skills

Maintain proper eye contact

Candidates need to maintain proper eye contact with the interviewer. It must not be too evasive or invasive. Thus, a candidate must not stare at the interviewer or avoid eye contact.

Listen carefully 

Candidates are advised to listen to the interviewer carefully. They must not interrupt. In case they fail to understand something, they need to ask the interviewers to elaborate on the question.

Speak clearly and loudly

Candidates need to answer clearly and loudly. Speaking too softly may be taken as a sign of low confidence, which is an undesirable personality trait. 

Apologise when you don’t know the answer

When an aspirant doesn’t know the answer, they must admit it and apologise. Trying to guess answers creates the wrong impression in the mind of the interviewer. Honesty and transparency are important.

Be aware of current affairs, especially those related to law

One needs to continue reading the newspaper at every stage. This will allow them to have basic knowledge about world events and develop opinions on them. Opinions are asked in the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination. Reading newspapers, particularly the editorials, will allow candidates to answer such questions articulately and eloquently. 

Knowledge of State

As the Uttar Pradesh State Judicial Service examination is a state-level examination, one needs to have a proper knowledge of facts related to the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is likely that questions regarding the state will be asked.

If one is from a different state, they need to have proper knowledge about their state as well as the state of Uttar Pradesh. The interviewer may ask about either of the states.

Practise mock interviews

Mock interviews allow candidates to get used to the environment of the interview. This will allow them to be confident on the day of their actual interviews and answer questions comfortably. 

Proper choice of language:

It is not necessary to conduct the interview in English. One may choose a language in which they are comfortable. They are more likely to perform well. This will also allow them to comfortably understand and answer the questions asked.

It is advisable to refer to some core books for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination. There are many books available on the market. Candidates should select the books that suit them and their specific requirements. A candidate may find a book suitable for him/her, while the other may not find it easy to refer to it. Some of the books one can refer to are discussed below:- 

Books to refer for the Preliminary Examination of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services exam

Name of Book Author/Publication Subject
Lucent’s General Knowledge Lucent Publication by Karna, Kumar, Mukul, Sinha General Knowledge
Objective General English S. P. Bakshi English
Indian Polity M. Laxmikant Polity
Universal’s Guide to UP Judicial Service Civil Judge (Junior Division) Universal Law Publication All subjects for Preliminary Examination
A Complete Guide for UPPCS (J) Judicial Service Junior Division Preliminary Examination Papers 1 and 2 with 5 Previous Years Solved Questions Disha Publication Inc. All subjects for the Preliminary Examination
UP Judicial Service Civil Judge (Junior Division) Preliminary Examination Guide Upadhyay & Misra All subjects for Preliminary Examination
Constitution of India J.N. Pandey Constitution
Transfer of Property Act S.N. Sukla Transfer of property
The Law of Evidence  Botuk Lal Indian Evidence 
Criminal Procedure Code R.V. Kelkar Code of Criminal Procedure
Civil Procedure Code with Limitation Act C.N. Takwani Code of Civil Procedure
Textbook on Indian Penal Code K.D. Kaur Indian Penal Code
Studies in Jurisprudence and Legal Theory Dr. N.V. Paranjape Jurisprudence
Contract- 1 & 2 Dr. R.K. Bangia Law of Contracts

Aside from these, a candidate also needs to read newspapers like the Indian Express, the Hindu, etc., and magazines like Pratiyogita Darpan.

Also, one can keep an eye on websites like Bar & Bench, LiveLaw, SCC Online, etc., to keep oneself updated on legal affairs.

Books to refer for Main exam of Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services 

Name of Book Author/Publication Subject
Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination Singhal, Singhal Law Publication Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination Unsolved Papers Main
Commentary on Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 and Rules 2006 N.K. Acharya Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005.
Constitution of India J.N. Pandey Constitution
Transfer of Property Act S.N. Sukla Transfer of property
The Law of Evidence  Botuk Lal Indian Evidence 
Criminal Procedure Code R.V. Kelkar Code of Criminal Procedure
Civil Procedure Code with Limitation Act C.N. Takwani Code of Civil Procedure
Textbook on Indian Penal Code K.D. Kaur Indian Penal Code
Studies in Jurisprudence and Legal Theory Dr. N.V. Paranjape Jurisprudence
Contract- 1 & 2 Dr. R.K Bangia Law of Contracts and Specific Relief
Introduction to the Law of Partnership Avtar Singh Law of Partnership
Law of Torts Dr. R.K. Bangia Tort Law
Hindu Law R.K. Agarwal Hindu Law
Mohammedan Law Aqil Ahmed Mohammedan Law

Books for the interview or viva voce round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services exam

In the viva voce, or the interview round, the personality and general competence of the candidates to be a civil judge are tested. Basically, the suitability of the selected candidates is screened. In this round, any additional knowledge is scarcely needed. Still, one can go through the following books if one wishes.

Name of Book Author/ Publication Subject
The New Lawyers Handbook: 101 Things they don’t teach you in Law School Karen Thalekar This book guides our future judges through the essential things they need to succeed in the field of law 
Tomorrow’s Lawyers: An Introduction to Your Future Richard Susskind This book teaches us essential skills one needs to know in order to succeed in the ever-changing field of law
THE ART OF ARGUING: Winning an Argument Without Chaos, Conflict and Confrontation Nary Roden This book will teach the judicial aspirants essential communication skills

Note: It must be noted that in all the stages of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination, candidates have to go through the Bare Acts of the Statutes given in the Syllabus and have a thorough understanding of the laws.

The application process for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination is a long-drawn process, and several steps are involved. It can be understood as the following:

Details required to register for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination

The following details are mandatory to register for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination in the online application system: 

  • Mobile number,
  • Valid email ID.

If one fails to provide these details, their registration for the examination will not be completed. All the important information will be sent on that number and e-mail ID through SMS and E-mail.

Aspirants are also required to check the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission’s website (https://uppsc.up.nic.in/) for important updates.

Documents to be filled to apply for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination

The following documents are required to fill the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination:

  • Class X mark sheet and examination passing certificate,
  • Class XII mark sheet and examination passing certificate,
  • Graduation marksheets,
  • Passing certificate of Graduation,
  • LL.B. degree and marksheets,
  • Birth certificate,
  • ID Proof (Passport, Adhar Card, Pan Card etc.),
  • Passport sized latest photographs,
  • Caste certificate (if applicable),
  • Duly scanned signature.

Steps to fill out the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination Application Form

The advertisement to the application of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination can be accessed on the Commissioner’s website on https://uppsc.up.nic.in. (here the online application will become visible.) The applications will not be received through any other mode. Hence, candidates apply through this mode only.

The candidates have to apply through these steps:

  1. The candidate has to click “All Notifications/Advertisements” on the Commission’s website https://uppsc.up.nic.in. The online application will be visible in three parts, as follows:
  1. User Instructions– Here the instruction are given for filling the online form
  2. View Advertisements– The candidates who wish to see the full application are to click before “View Advertisement”.
  3. Apply– One has to click on “Apply” to apply for online application

Online application has to be completed in the following three steps:

Step 1- Registration of the Candidate

  • By clicking “Apply”, Candidate’s registration will be displayed.
  • The Basic Registration Form will be displayed after clicking “Candidate Registration”. 
  • After the candidate fills out the “Basic Registration”, the candidate has to check the details provided by them. If any change or rectification is required in the form, they need to make such desired changes by clicking on the ”Edit” button and making the changes. After this, the registration for the first stage will be over.
  • Then “Print Registration Slip” will be displayed,  and it has to be clicked to take out the Print of Registration Slip.

The Basic Registration of candidates who have been debarred from the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission will not be completed before the period of debarment.

If it is found that applications are submitted concealing such a fact, the candidature will be rejected at any stage. The Commission can debar them from future examinations or selections.

In case the claims made in the online applications are discovered to be false, they will be debarred from the examination as well as any future examination or selection that may be made by the Commission.

Step 2- Payment of Application fees of the Examination

This step appears after the completion of the first step. “Fee to be deposited (in INR)”  is displayed in the caption “Click here to proceed for payment”.

After clicking the said caption, the home page of the State Bank Multi Option Payment System (MPOS) will be seen, providing the following modes of payment:

  1. Net Banking,
  2. Card Payments,
  3. Other Payment Modes.

After the fee is deposited through any of the above mentioned modes, “Payment Acknowledgement Receipt (PAR)” will be seen. Along with this, the details of fee payment can also be seen. 

Print of the Payment Acknowledgement Receipt has to be taken out by clicking on it.

Step 3- Proceeding for Final Submission of Application

  • After the second step is done, one has to click “Proceed” for final submission of application form, as a result of which “format” shall be displayed. The candidates are required to provide all the required details in the format.
  • The photograph and the signature have to be duly scanned and uploaded. 
  • The photo has to be the latest and passport size.
  • If the photograph and signature are not the prescribed size, the system will not accept them.

Procedure of Uploading Photographs and Signatures

The photograph and signature have to be uploaded in the following manner:-

  1. The photograph is to be pasted on any white paper.
  2. The candidate has to sign in the signature space given below the photograph for this purpose, and it must not exceed the box.
  3. The signature is proof of the identity of the candidate. It has to be:-
  • Genuine
  • In full
  • Should not be in CAPITAL LETTERS
  1. The signature will be on the Hall Ticket. In case the signature on the application form does not match the signature on the application, there will be disqualification of the candidate.
  2. The entire image, consisting of the photograph and the signature of the candidate, has to be sized 3.5 by 6 cm.
  3. The scanned image 
  • has to be stored in .jpeg, .jpg, .gif, . tif, .png format
  • cannot be more than 50 KB
  1. If there arises a situation where the size of the entire file is greater than 50 KB, the setting of the scanner has to be adjusted during the process of scanning.

After filling in all the requisite information in the format, the candidates must click “Preview”  to check if the information and details are correctly given. Incorrect details will cause problems for them in the future. After ascertaining the accuracy of  such details, the candidates need to click “Submit

Without clicking “Submit” within the last date, the process of submitting the online application form will not be completed.

It is advised that the candidate takes a print of the filled form to keep it with themselves after clicking “Submit”. This is because in case of discrepancy, the candidate has to submit the print out of the Office of the Commission. Otherwise their request will be left unheeded. 

Note:  The candidates must remember that at the stage of the Preliminary Examination , a hard copy of the documents, including the Online Application, should be sent to the Commission. The said print out is only for rectification in case of a discrepancy. 

Steps to be taken for modification of submitted application

If an aspirant learns about any mistake made in the application that was submitted, he or she will be given only one opportunity to rectify such mistake(s). For that, he has to follow the following procedure before the last date of submission of the application form:-

  • Click on “Modify Submitted Application”  under ‘Online Application Process’ in Candidate Segment.
  • After clicking here, “Candidate Personal Details” will be displayed so that one can fill in Registration No., Date of Birth, Gender, and Domicile Category.
  • After filling out the Verification Code, the candidate needs to click the “Proceed” button.
  • Then the One Time Password (OTP) will be sent to the Registered mobile number for the purpose of authentication of the candidate.
  • After filling out the OTP, the candidate has to click on the “Proceed” button.
  • Then the submitted application form will be displayed on the screen.
  • The candidate will be able to make modifications to the form 
  • After making the requisite modifications, the candidate has to submit it.

This opportunity for the rectification of their error will be available to the candidate only once before the last of submitting it.

Note: This facility of correction of mistakes in the application form will not be available to the candidates of the errors are related to:

  • Name of the examination and Type of recruitment,
  • Registered Mobile Number,
  • E-Mail ID,
  • Adhar Number,
  • Where prescribed fees for the modified categories are higher than what was paid.

In such cases, candidates are required to submit new applications with the prescribed fees. The previously deposited fees will neither be refunded nor will they be adjusted.

Application fees for Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination

While filling up the online application form, after the first step of the procedure, Category wise prescribed examination fee has to be submitted as per the instructions given in the second step.

Tabular representation for the fees of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination

The prescribed fees for Preliminary Examination of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial SErvices Examination for the different categories can be explained as:

Category Fees
Unreserved category (General category) Rs 100 (Exam Fees) + Rs 25 (Online Processing Fees) = Rs 125
Other Backward Classes Rs 100 (Exam Fees) + Rs 25 (Online Processing Fees) = Rs 125
Economically Weaker Sections Rs 100 (Exam Fees) + Rs 25 (Online Processing Fees) = Rs 125
Scheduled Castes Rs 40  (Exam Fees) +  Rs 25 (Online Processing Fees) = Rs 65
Scheduled Tribes Rs 40  (Exam Fees) +  Rs 25 (Online Processing Fees) = Rs 65
Persons with Disabilities Rs 0 (Exam Fees) + Rs 25 (Online Processing Fees) = Rs 25
Ex-Servicemen Rs 40  (Exam Fees) +  Rs 25 (Online Processing Fees) = Rs 65

Currently, there is a vacancy of 303 candidates, 123 for candidates in Unreserved or General category as discussed earlier.

A look at the vacancies in the previous years will help us understand the trends of vacancies.

Vacancies in the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination in the year 2022

In the year 2022, there were following vacancies in different categories:

Categories  Vacancies
Unreserved (General) 123
Scheduled Castes (SC) 63
Scheduled Tribes (ST) 06
Other Backward Classes (OBC) 81
Dependants of Freedom Fighters (DFF) 06
Women 60
Persons with Disabilities (PwD) 30
Economically Weaker Section EWS) 12
Ex-Servicemen 15

Vacancies in the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination in the year 2019

There were the following vacancies in the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination in different categories of vertical reservation:-

Categories Vacancies
Unreserved (General) 306
Scheduled Castes (SC) 128
Scheduled Tribes (ST) 12
Other Backward Classes (OBC) 164
Total 610

Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination is conducted on the dates fixed by the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission through the following:-

  1. Written examinations in legal subjects and subjects like General Knowledge and Languages prescribed by the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission. It can be modified by the Governor after discussion by the High Court of Allahabad and the said Commission.
  2. An Examination to test knowledge of candidates in English and Hindi
  3. An interview to ascertain the merit of the candidate with emphasis on his ability, character, personality, physique, and competence for appointment to the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service.

There are 4 attempts allowed. All candidates for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination are allowed a maximum of  4 attempts in their lifetime. This applies to General candidates as well as candidates who have reservations like Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), Other Backward Classes (OBC), Persons with Disabilities (Pwd), etc. Thus, all candidates are granted a maximum of four attempts in the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination, irrespective of the category they belong to.

To check the result of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination, these steps are to be followed :-

  1. Check the official ebsite of the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission which is https://uppsc.up.nic.in/.
  2. Click on Results Tab in the Home page
  3. Select the “Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services, Civil Judge, Junior Division” of the round one is looking for (for example – Main or Interview). One can also search for it in the search bar.
  4. Click on “View/ Download”.
  5. The list of roll numbers of the successful candidates will be displayed. One has to check if they are qualified for the next round.

How to check the answer key for the Preliminary Examination

To check the answer key of the Preliminary Examination, the following steps have to be followed:-

  1. Open the official website of the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission- https://uppsc.up.nic.in/.
  2. Click on the “View Answer Key” given in the Home Page.
  3. Click the link to the Answer Key for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination Civil Judge (Junior Division) – Civil Judge (Junior Division) Preliminary  Examination.
  4. One can click on the link to “General Knowledge Series” and “Law Series” Answer Keys and click on them in Series A, B, C and D for both General Knowledge and Law. The PDF will open, and the candidate will be able to check the answer keys and match them with their answers.

How to check the answer key for the Main Examination

In order to check the Answer key to the Main Examination, one must follow the following steps:-

  1. Open the Official website of the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission- https://uppsc.up.nic.in/
  2. Click on “View More” under the “What’s New” section on the Home Page.
  3. One has to find the link related to Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Main Answer Key.
  4. There will be a link to the Answer Key visible; click on it.
  5. The desired answer key will open in PDF format.

Training 

As per the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Rules, 2001, all officers appointed as the Civil Judge (Junior Division) through the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination are to go  through a training course during the probation period at the Judicial Training and Research Institute at Lucknow or another place prescribed by the Allahabad High Court.

Report

The syllabus of the training course is to be set by the Director with the approval of the Committee constituted by the Chief Justice of the Allahabad High Court.

After the training period is finished, the Director of the Judicial Training and Research Institute at Lucknow shall send a report to the Allahabad High Court about the performance of the candidate who has now become the probationer during the course of the training. If the Director opines that the individual has not satisfactorily finished the training, he shall forward such an opinion with the relevant report.

After consideration of such a report, the High Court of Allahabad may pass requisite orders, such as those requiring the extension of the period of training and probation.

Confirmation

According to the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Rules, 2001, the appointment as Civil Judge of Junior Division of a probationer will be confirmed by the High Court of Allahabad after the completion of the period of probation or extended probation period . 

During the confirmation, the High Court of Allahabad considers the following matters:-

  1. If the probationer has gone through the probation period satisfactorily,
  2. If his performance and conduct are considered satisfactory,
  3. If his integrity is certified, 
  4. If the High Court is satisfied with his fitness for confirmation.

The probation period continues until the High Court of Allahabad passes an order of confirmation in his favour.

Probation period

After appointment to the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service, the selected candidates are placed on probation for a period of two years. Such a probation period can be extended up to another date mentioned by the Allahabad High Court.

If the High Court considers that after the end of the probation period or extended probation period, the probationer has failed to make sufficient use of  his opportunities, it may direct the appointing authority to discharge the said probationer from the service. Such a discharged probationer will not be entitled to any compensation.

Examination centres in the Preliminary Stage

The examination centres of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Preliminary Examination are as follows:

  • Prayagraj (formerly known as Allahabad),
  • Agra,
  • Meerut,
  • Lucknow.

Examination centres in Main Stage

There are fewer candidates in the Main Examination; hence, there are fewer centres. The following are examination centres in the Main Stage:

Examination centres in Interview Stage

The Viva Voce or Interview Round is held at the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission’s Office at Prayagraj.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about UP Judiciary Preliminary exam

Is there any set syllabus for the Preliminary Examination of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

Yes, there is a set syllabus for the Preliminary Examination of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination. It consists of the following:

  • General Knowledge
  • Law papers.

The General Knowledge (Paper I) is of 150 marks and includes the following topics:

  1. History of India,
  2. Indian culture,
  3. India and the world,
  4. Geography of India,
  5. Indian polity,
  6. Indian economy,
  7. International affairs, institutions and development in the fields of science, technology, communication and space,
  8. Current national issues,
  9. Topics of social relevance including sensitivity to Persons with Disabilities, senior citizens and offences on children and women including salient features of the following acts:
  • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016;
  • Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007;
  • Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012;
  • Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961;
  • Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005;
  • Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013;
  • Pre-Conception and Pe-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection) Act, 1994
  • Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986;
  • Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971.

The questions are of such nature that any individual with general awareness and without any specialised education will be able to answer. 

The Law Paper (Paper II) is of 300 marks and includes the following topics:

  • Jurisprudence;
  • Constitution of India;
  • Transfer of Property Act, 1882;
  • Indian Evidence Act, 1870;
  • Code of Civil Procedure, 1872;
  • Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973;
  • Law Of Contracts;
  • International Organisations;
  • Current International Affairs;
  • Indian Penal Code, 1860.

Is the Preliminary Examination of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination computer based?

The Preliminary Examination is not a computed based Examination. It is to be answered in offline mode using pen and paper. A black ballpoint pen is to be used for marking OMR sheets.

Is the pattern followed in the Preliminary Examination of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination same as the pattern in other states? 

The pattern of the Preliminary Examination of judicial examinations varies from state to state. Hence the pattern followed in the Preliminary Examination of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination differs from those in other states. 

Do candidates need to compulsorily answer the Preliminary Examination of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

Yes, it is compulsory to answer the Preliminary round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination. Without clearing the round, one cannot go to the next round and hence cannot clear the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination.

What is the total score allotted to the General Knowledge paper?

General Knowledge is tested out of a score of 150 marks

What is the total score allotted to the Law Paper?

The Law Paper is tested out of 300 marks.

What is the time allotted for each paper in the Preliminary Examination?

2 hours are allotted for both General Knowledge and Law papers in the Preliminary Examination.

Is there negative marking in the Preliminary Examination?

Yes, there is a negative marking of 0.33 for every wrong answer.

What if more than one answer is selected in the Preliminary Examination?

If the candidate marks more than one answer, it will be treated as a wrong answer. This will be the case even if one of the answers is correct. Such an answer will thus attract a penalty of negative marking of 0.33 or one-third mark, which will be deducted. 

What if an answer is left blank?

If an answer is left blank or unanswered, there will be no marks awarded or penalty given.

How will the candidates know where the Preliminary Examination of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination will be held?

The Centres of Examination decided by the Commission will be informed to the candidates through the e-Admit Card. The number of districts can be increased or decreased based on the number of applications received by the Commission.

What are some tips and tricks to prepare for the Preliminary Examination of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

The following tips and tricks will be helpful to clear the Preliminary round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination:

  1. Focus on the basics. Read the bare acts and newspapers.
  2. Revise the basics repeatedly.
  3. Solve several Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs).
  4. Don’t guess the answers. There is a negative marking of 0.33 for every wrong guess.
  5. Answer as many mocks as possible.
  6. Use mnemonics to remember facts for the Preliminary Examination.
  7. Mark the answers carefully. Don’t mark wrong answers out of sheer negligence.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the UP Judiciary Mains exam

What is the syllabus for the Main Round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

To clear the Main Round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination, one needs to cover the following:

  • Civil Law,
  • Criminal Law,
  • English,
  • Hindi,
  • General Knowledge.

Here is a tabular representation of all the Main Exam subjects:

Paper Subject Marks
I General Knowledge 200
II English Language   100
III Hindi language 100
IV Law I (Substantive law) 200
V Law II (Procedure and Evidence) 200
VI Law III (Penal, Revenue and Local Laws) 200

This can be discussed in detail as below.

The General Knowledge (Paper I) is of 150 marks and includes the following:

General Knowledge – Paper I (200 marks)

  • History of India,
  • Indian culture,
  • Geography of India,
  • Indian Polity,
  • Indian Economy,
  • Current national issues,
  • India and the world,
  • Institutions and development in the fields of science and technology,
  • International affairs,
  • Communication and space,
  • Topics of social relevance including questions related to sensitivity to Persons with Disabilities, senior citizens and offences on children and women including salient features of the following acts:
  1. Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016;
  2. Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007;
  3. Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012;
  4. Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961;
  5. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005;
  6. Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013. 

The English (Paper II) is for 100 marks and includes the following topics:

  • Essay writing (50 marks),
  • Precis writing (30 marks),
  • Translation of passage from Hindi to English (20 marks). 

The Hindi Language (Paper III) is for 100 marks and includes the following topics:

  • Essay writing (50 marks),
  • Precis writing (30 marks),
  • Translation of passage from English to Hindi (20 marks). 

The Law I (substantive law) (Paper IV) is for 200 marks and includes questions on the following:

  • The Indian Contract Act, 1872;
  • The Indian Partnership Act,1932
  • Indian Easement Act, 1882;
  • Law of torts;
  • Transfer of Property Act, 1882;
  • Principal of Equity with special reference to Law of Trust and Specific Relief Act, 1963;
  • Hindu law;
  • Mohammedan law;
  • The Constitution of India.

In this paper, Constitution Law alone carries 50 marks

The Law II- Procedural law and Evidence law (Paper V) is for 200 marks and includes questions in the following:

  • The Indian Evidence Act, 1872;
  • The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973;
  • The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908;
  • Pleading related principles.

The question set will be framed in relation to practical matters such as:

  • Framing of charges and issues;
  • Methods of dealing with the evidence of witnesses;
  • Writing of judgement;
  • General conduct of cases.

The Law III- Penal, Revenue and Local Laws (Paper VI) is for 200 marks. Questions will be asked from the following Acts as well as the rules framed around them:

  • The Indian Penal Code, 1860;
  • The Uttar Pradesh, Urban Buildings (Regulation of Letting, Rent and Eviction) Act, 1972;
  • The Uttar Pradesh Municipalities Act, 1916;
  • The Uttar Pradesh Panchayat Raj Act, 1947;
  • The Uttar Pradesh Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act, 1951;
  • The Uttar Pradesh Consolidation of Holdings Act, 1953;
  • The Uttar Pradesh Urban (Planning and Development) Act, 1973.

Questions about local laws have to be answered compulsorily. 

Penal Laws (50 marks)

Revenue and Local Laws (150 marks) 

Is it compulsory to appear for the Main round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

Yes, one needs to compulsorily answer the Main Round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination. Without clearing the round, they will not be eligible for the interview round.

How to write better answers in the Main round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

A candidate may follow the following tips to write better answer in the Main Round of Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination:

  • A candidate must read the Bare Acts thoroughly for a clear understanding of the subjects.
  • The answers must be succinct and concise.
  • The candidate needs to consider their answers from the point of view of the examiner and answer accordingly. This perspective will help them write better answers.
  • One needs to avoid rote learning and go for in-depth understanding
  • One needs to include case laws in their answer, especially those case laws that are not very common.
  • Candidates need to write clearly and legibly. 
  • Aspirants should scratch a wrong answer neatly. They should refrain from double writing or scratching untidily.
  • One should get enrolled in Mock series, especially if they do not opt for any coaching that provides such mocks. Candidates need to answer mock tests on a regular basis. Afterwards, they need to analyse such mocks to ascertain where they stand.
  • Even before they start writing mocks, they need to practise answer writing on a daily basis. Toppers claim that this practice has helped them improve tremendously and highly recommend it.

How to improve language skills?

One needs to read the newspaper on a regular basis. This will help them in many aspects, but particularly in improving their language skills. It would also help them if they could read books of their interest in their free time.

Can I write mocks without joining a coaching centre?

Yes, one can easily write mocks without joining a coaching centre. One needs to opt for a Test Series. For that, one need not join any coaching centre!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about the Interview round of UP Judiciary exam

What are some expected questions in the Interview Round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

The following are some expected questions that may be asked in the Interview Round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination:

  • Tell us about yourself.
  • What are your strengths and weaknesses?
  • Why did you decide to study law?
  • Why did you decide to appear for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?
  • Where do you see yourself in five years?
  • What are your career goals?
  • What are your hobbies and interests outside work?
  • How do you manage time to achieve your targets?
  • According to you, what traits are required to become a judge?

What are the tips and tricks for success in the Interview round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

The following tips will help a candidate achieve success in the Interview Round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination:

  1. Be aware of Current Affairs, legal news, amendments, bills etc.
  2. Know laws, especially the local laws thoroughly.
  3. Prepare your own questions to practise for the Interview round.
  4. Practice speaking in front of the mirror to see your own body language. You can even record yourself in the camera of your phone.
  5. Have a sound knowledge of your application form. The interviewer is likely to ask questions from that.
  6. Dress in formals.
  7. Reach the venue of the interview on time.
  8. Don’t chat with the other candidates before your own interview. Focus on preparing for your interview.
  9. Be polite with the interviewers. Don’t argue with them on any topic.
  10. Be confident and have faith in yourself.
  11. Be mindful of your body language. Sit straight and look the interviewer in the eye. Have a pleasant smile on your face.
  12. If you do not know an answer, admit it and apologise. Do not try to guess answers on the spot. It creates a negative impression in the minds of the interviewers concerned.

What are the most important parts of preparation for the interview round of Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

One needs to improve their awareness of legal knowledge, current affairs, and  communication skills. Aside from that, they need to improve their personality and body language. This will help them to pass this round.

How can a candidate improve communication skills for the Interview round of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

One should ideally sit for mock interviews for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination. This is an important part of the preparation for any judicial services examination. Aside from this, one should rehearse the answers in front of the mirror. They should also contemplate the possible questions they may be asked. They can also study with their peers and ask each other questions. This will help them understand where they stand as well as how to improve.

How can a candidate remain confident in front of the Interview panel?

A candidate needs to visualise themselves being able to answer each question with ease, no matter what they are asked. They need to practise for the interview round in any way they feel comfortable. For example- some may feel comfortable preparing alone, while others may prefer to prepare with their peers.

They also need to remember what is in their control and what is not. They can only control their preparation and do the best they can with it. They need to let go of the rest. Then they will be at peace with themselves and remain confident during the interview panel.

How does one display their personality in a positive manner in the Interview Round?

To demonstrate their personality in a positive manner in the interview round, one needs to follow the following tips:

  • Be transparent and honest,
  • Be enthusiastic,
  • Avoid negativity in any aspect of the interview

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about General matters regarding UP Judiciary exam

What is the selection process of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

  1. The selection process of the the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination has multiple stages:Preliminary Examination,
  2. Main Examination,
  3. Interview

All these stages are compulsory. They have been discussed in detail in the appropriate sections. 

Which is the most important stage of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

The Main Examination, as the name suggests, is the most important stage of the examination, and it carries the most marks and weightage. The interview round carries 100 marks. Though the said interview stage impacts the rank of the candidate, good performance in the Main Examination vastly improves the chances of selection in the Judicial Services Examination. 

Hence, the main focus should be on the Main Examination, as it is the deciding factor of selection, as Rank 1 of Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services 2018 Akansha Tiwari states.

Does the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination have negative marking?

Yes, there is a negative marking of 0.33 for every wrong answer. Hence, one should be careful while marking each answer.

What is the marks distribution scheme for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

The marks distribution scheme for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination lies as follows:

  • Preliminary Examination- 450 marks,
  • Main Examination- 1000 marks,
  • Viva Voce- 100 marks.

What pens are to be used for filing up the answer sheets during the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

While filling out the answer sheets for the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination, only black ballpoint pens are to be used.

How will the important details regarding the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination be communicated to the candidates?

The important details of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination, such as the date, time, venue, etc. of the examination, will be communicated to the candidates through e-Admit Cards. Such details are to be allotted by the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission. No change with regard to such immediate details of the Examination will be entertained.

What is the ratio of success in the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

According to the order of the Hon’ble Supreme Court, the candidates for the Main Examination shall be declared successful in the ratio of 1:10 and for the interview in the ratio of 1:3.

How is the date of birth determined for the purpose of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination?

The date of birth for the purpose of the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination is determined according to the date given in their High School or Equivalent Examination Certificate.

Hence, the candidate has to submit such a High School or Equivalent Examination Certificate with the application form for the Main Examination. In its absence, the candidature of an aspirant will be rejected. Such a certificate is mandatory and may not be substituted by any other document.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Uttar Pradesh Judicial Service Examination’ reservation 

How does one obtain the benefit of their reserved category/age relaxation?

To obtain  the benefit of their reserved category or age relaxation, one has to obtain a certificate to support their claimed category issued by the competent authority on the proforma available in the website https://uppsc.up.nic.in/ and submit it ot the Uttar Pradesh Service Commission when asked for. 

Those seeking the benefit of the reserved category candidates of Uttar Pradesh need to mention their category/subcategory in the application form.

What happens if a candidate seeks reservations in more than one category?

Candidates seeking reservations in more than one category will be entitled to the benefit of the category most beneficial to them.

What documents are required to get the benefit of reservation?

The candidates have to provide the following:

  • Self attested copies of mark sheets
  • Certificates
  • Application forms for the Main Examination

This is to prove the claims made in the application forms for the Preliminary Examination regarding their claim as a member of a reserved category/sub-category.

Without these, the candidate’s claim as a member of a reserved category will not be backed up.

Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination may appear to be a tough nut to crack. However, with strategic preparation, average students will be able to crack it as long as there is grit, determination, and genuine desire. It is rightly said, “What the mind can conceive, man can achieve”. It is better to try than to wonder “What if” throughout our lives. 

Once one cracks it, there will be a prestigious position with a stable income that allows a decent lifestyle. Besides, there is considerable scope for promotion and career growth. Candidates should certainly believe in themselves and go for it!

Thus, it can be concluded that the Uttar Pradesh Judicial Services Examination is an arduous examination with a huge syllabus. However, with proper strategy and guidance, a candidate will be able to crack it. One must remain confident and optimistic about their preparation as well as their ability to crack the examination.

 A career in judicial services is vastly rewarding and allows us to make a positive contribution to society.


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